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Fun Phonics

Single Sounds Upper Case

To skip straight through to the Capital Letter Sheets click here

For tips on how to best introduce the concept of capital letters to your child scroll down

I usually teach capital letters at around the same time as Complex combinations and Bossy e.

Capital letters are used less frequently in general reading than their matching lower case equivalents. Although on signage they're often used a lot to attract attention: shops, advertising posters, pamphlets, catalogues, flyers Stop signs, Give Way signs, street signs, buildings etc.

 As a generalization, capital letters are usually learnt more quickly than some of the other single sounds as they often resemble their lower case equivalent.

For example: C J K M O P S U V W X Y Z are very similar to their lower case version

and these sounds can be treated easily by saying something like:

'This is the Capital letter for S and other than it's size it looks almost the same as the s you already know...'

'... Now why we use capital letters is, it's to show that something is important. For example: Your name has a capital letter because you're an important person. And because everyone else is important too they have a capital letter at the start of their name as well... We have capital letters at the start of a sentence because it shows the writer has something they want you to know (it's important to them) so they use a capital letter at the start of the sentence to remind you to pay attention.'

Notice below how placards often use capitals to draw a viewers attention.


These new Upper Case sounds can then be added into the snap game as one of the two new sounds introduced for the day.

Notice below how placards often use capitals to draw a viewers attention.

The following large cards are designed to be cut along the lines into individual letters for you to use with your child.

There is no definite order to teach these sounds but some ways will bring greater success than others.

I again suggest choosing sounds that are obviously different to one another.

I found by introducing sounds that were obviously different at the beginning worked best

and working on beginning sounds for names that are important to your child.

For example family member's names, school friend's names, places they like to go, etc

I strongly suggest ensuring that when you present the letters they're facing the child the right way up

(even when playing games because children can't tell the difference between M & W

unless they're the right way up.)


Playing Fun Phonics Capital Letters

  • To begin ensure all sounds are facing the right way up.

  • Sit opposite your child ready to play The Phonics Game. If both of you sit cross legged on the floor it gives your child the best line of sight.

IMPORTANT: Ham it up and make it fun.

Before you begin, say things like 'You were too good for me yesterday but I'm going to get you today...' And laugh.


  • Prior to introducing any new sounds, flip one known sound at a time down in front of your child one on top of the other to play the revision game. One second later it either stays on the known pile or is moved to the revise pile. Repeat the process until all single sounds and beginning blends covered to date have been checked. Keep the revision game fast moving. (The entire process should take a minute, two at the absolute most.)

Sounds that are causing any difficulty need to be put back into the snap pile to be revised.

If there are only a few sounds causing difficulty they can be revised during the next game of snap. Begin the game with them before introducing any new capital letters.

I would begin Capital Letter recognition activities by introducing one of the easier letters, especially if also introducing a beginning blend on the same day. Some of these could be:  C J K M O P S U V W X Y Z because they're very similar to their lower case equivalent.

An additional Independent Activity that could be used as a reward.

Take your child to your desktop computer to view the keyboard.  Note how all of the letters are capitals.

Go to Word or an equivalent. Make the font size 18 (so its easy for them to see each letter and later draw around them.)


Let them type out every letter on the keyboard first in lower case and then in upper case. Ask them to put a circle around every letter they already know.


How to Play Fun Phonics and Make it Fun


I begin by laying out three letters close to each other in a row, (each the correct way up for the child.)


1. I call out a new sound (say M) and both players attempt to snap the sound before the other player.

2. I call out a different sound (say D) and both players attempt to snap the new sound before the other player. You might introduce a third sound here because if they're very similar to the lower case equivalent, it's easier than usual.

3. Repeat the process using different sounds. (say S, M, D, M, D, S, S, M, D, etc) getting faster. You might even change the letter positions to make them think.


4. The game continues until you're reasonably sure your child knows the three sounds involved.

5. Then by removing the sound they appear to know best you can introduce a 'new' sound that ideally looks different to the others. For example E. And continue the game again. Or you can revise an old sound that continues to be a bit of a problem.

6. You can repeat Step 5 over and over again over increasing the number of known sounds.


For more Fun Phonics go to the Links Below:

Beginning Combination Sounds
Complex Combination Sounds
Show More

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The best parenting advice regarding creating engaged learners is to make learning as much fun as possible. That's why games work best to revise new information. Children practise skills over and over in play situations, yet aren't even aware they're doing it. Best parenting advice.com provides many examples of quick and easy games to help develop both early reading and maths skills.


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