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Fun Phonics

There's no quick link on this page because if you're practising blended sounds with me you'll need to know this information.

Combination Sounds, Digraphs and Bossy E

The following cards are of the combined letters which make up some of the remaining sounds only

(but not all of the combinations of letters used to produce those sounds. Some are located in the next section

Complex Sound Combinations Digraphs)

There is no definite order to teach these sounds but I suggest not beginning any blended sounds (digraphs)

until your child knows all of their lower case single sounds.

I found when choosing which sounds to learn first, by introducing sounds that were used most commonly in reading, worked best.


Th, sh and ch are particularly useful N.B. 'Th' can make two sounds: th as in thin and th as in this. (Listen for the difference.)

And I'd introduce each of these sounds with another obviously different combination like er ee or oo.

Other particularly useful sounds are: ck  ay and ng and I would likely introduce them next.



I strongly suggest ensuring that when you present the letters they're facing the child the right way up

(even when playing games because children can't tell the difference between b, d & p or M and W or u and n unless they're the right way up.)

You can either screen shot them, copy them on your phone, download and print them or if on a desktop you can click on the image, press save image option then print it. If you're having difficulty with either you can contact me for pdfs to be sent to you at your email address. (You can rest assured that your information will not be passed on to any other parties.)

You will notice that sometimes there can be a number of ways to produce the same sound. For example 'ee' (as in street) 'ea' (as in clean) 'ey' (as in donkey) and 'e_e' (as in scene.)

I also usually introduce capital letter recognition around the same time as I introduce bossy e (please refer to Bossy e below) which I do before before ie oi ue ou.

On the above sheet there are some shown as vowel-vowel: a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e.

The way I explain these are that only the vowels can use their proper names; that being 'a' (pronounced ay),

'e' (pronounced ee), 'i' (pronounced eye), 'o' (pronounced oh),  'u' (pronounced you.)

The Story of Bossy 'e.'

I like the story about 'Bossy E' best so I will use it

(although there are a number of stories that explain how adding an e to the end of a word changes the vowel preceding it.)

If 'e' is at the end of a word it gets really bossy. It jumps over the letter/or letters, in front of it (consonants) to get to the vowels (a,e,i,o,u.) It shakes it's finger at them and tells them to use their proper names.


Thus: 'a' says 'ay,' as in state, pane, face

'e' says 'ee,' as in scene, theme, eve

'i' says 'eye,' as in pile, mine, site,

'o' says 'oh' as in phone, rode, hole

and 'u' says 'you' as in mule, fuse, ute


Playing Fun Phonics Beginning Blends (digraphs)


  • Ensure all sounds are facing the right way up.

  • Sit opposite your child ready to play The Phonics Game. If both of you sit cross legged on the floor it gives your child the best line of sight.

  • Prior to introducing any new sounds, flip one known sound at a time down in front of your child one on top of the other. One second later it either stays on the known pile or is moved to the revise pile. Repeat the process until all single sounds have been checked. Keep the revision game fast moving. (The entire process should take a minute, two at the absolute most.)

Sounds that are causing any difficulty put back into the snap pile to be revised.

If there are only a few sounds causing difficulty they can be revised during the next game of snap. Begin the game with them before introducing any sound blends.


How to make it fun


I begin by laying out three letters close to each other in a row, (each the correct way up for the child.)

I sit on the other side of the row facing my child ready to play The Phonics Game.


1. Call out a revision sound (say z) and both players attempt to snap the sound before the other player.

2. Call out a different revision sound (say k) and both players attempt to snap the new sound before the other player.

3. Either call out a third revision sound or introduce a beginning blend sound like ch. Look at the different features of it. Discuss that sometimes when two letters meet they can make a whole new sound. In this case c and h make ch when you put them next to each other.


4. Repeat the game above using different sounds. (Say z, ch, z, k, ch, z, z, ch, k, k, z, ch etc) getting faster. You might even change the letter positions to make them think.


4. The game continues until you're reasonably sure your child knows the three sounds involved.

Stop there.

Day 2

Repeat the entire one minute revision process checking all sounds previously covered. (Continue to do this on a daily basis. It'll take you one to two minutes a day.)


6. If they remember all previously forgotten sounds and the new blend introduce another sound (like 'er.' ) (Say for example: ch, er, k, er, er,ch, er,ch, k, ch, er, ch, etc.) If they're finding it particularly easy you can introduce a second blended sound.

7. You can repeat Step 5 and 6 over and over again over the following days and weeks, increasing the total number of blended sounds known.


Try to keep their success in perspective. Because this is a very effective way of teaching children their sounds it's easy to get carried away and want to keep adding more and more sounds before your child is ready. Please don't. Make sure they know each sound well (especially the blends) before you remove it from the snap pile to the revision pile.

So far we've learnt the easier and/or more frequently used sounds first.

There are more complex digraphs to follow.

Go to the link below for more complex Phonics Fun

Single Sounds Capitals
Complex Combinations
Show More

For FUN MATHS GAMES click on the links below:

Fun Maths Games 3-5 Years
Fun Maths Games 5-7 Years
Fun Maths Games 8-10 Years
Show More

Best Parenting Advice.com is a high quality parenting website designed with child and family success in mind. This site provides free resources for busy parents who want the best practical advice possible on: effective child rearing strategies, easy healthy family meals, self-care tips for time-poor parents and fun learning games to help best educate children while also encouraging positive relationships within the family.

The best parenting advice regarding creating engaged learners is to make learning as much fun as possible. That's why games work best to revise new information. Children practise skills over and over in play situations, yet aren't even aware they're doing it. Best parenting advice.com provides many examples of quick and easy games to help develop both early reading and maths skills.


This site provides examples of what worked for me over decades and you are welcome to use these ideas as you see fit but you do so at your own risk. This site does not provide any guarantee that this information will work in every circumstance with every family or every child. It is your responsibility as a user of this site to ensure that you adhere to any recommended safety suggestions either implicit or explicit on this site and supervise your children while playing any games suggested. Best Parenting Advice.com is not affiliated with any other groups, clubs, religious organizations or educational systems.


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